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      你對生活是否滿意 取決于你怎么花錢

      來源:中國日報網 編輯:alice ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

      What you spend rather than what you earn helps to determine how satisfied you are with life, a new study says.

      一項新研究指出,決定你生活滿意度的不是你的收入,而是你的支出。
      Research from the Office for National Statistics found spending on hotels, restaurants and household furnishings was associated with life satisfaction.
      英國國家統計局的研究發現,人們在酒店、飯店和家庭裝修方面的開支和生活滿意度相關。
      Unsurprisingly, spending on insurance and mobile phones was not.
      意料之中的是,保險和手機的花費與生活滿意度并不相關。
      But the ONS said that overall spending and income mattered less than personal circumstances when measuring life satisfaction.
      但是,英國國家統計局稱,在衡量生活滿意度時,總體開支和收入不如個人環境的影響大。
      Good health, marital status and economic activity had the strongest associations with how positively life satisfaction is rated.
      良好的健康狀況、婚姻、經濟狀況和生活滿意度的正面關聯最強。
      Its analysis found that age also mattered: the young have higher life satisfaction than those in their 40s but life satisfaction rises again in later years, before falling again for those in their 80s.
      統計局的分析發現,年齡對生活滿意度也有影響:年輕人的生活滿意度高于四十多歲的人,但過了五十歲后生活滿意度又會上升,到八十歲以后又會下降。
      Living circumstances were also important. Those who own their homes or have mortgages rate their life satisfaction more highly than those in private and social rented housing. Households with dependent children were also more likely to be satisfied than those without, the ONS found.
      生活環境也很重要。英國國家統計局發現,那些擁有自己的住房或有房貸的人生活滿意度比租房住(無論是租私有房還是公租房)的人高。家中有小孩的人也比沒有小孩的人生活滿意度高。
      But while spending is more important than income, households with an income of between £24,000 and £44,000 would feel more satisfied if their income increased, the ONS found.
      統計局發現,盡管開支比收入影響力更大,但年收入在2.4萬英鎊(21萬元人民幣)至4.4萬英鎊之間的家庭在收入提高的情況下會對生活更滿意。
      The ONS said: "There is no evidence of a statistically significant association between household disposable income and life satisfaction overall after accounting for other characteristics [such as age, marriage and employment status]".
      英國國家統計局稱:“在考慮了年齡、婚姻和就業狀態等其他因素后,沒有足夠的數據證明家庭可支配收入和總體生活滿意度的關系。”
      "You are more likely to report higher life satisfaction if you have higher household spending and spending appears to matter more than household income to people's life satisfaction," the ONS said.
      “如果你的家庭開支更高,你的生活滿意度通常也更高。和家庭收入相比,開支似乎更能影響人們的生活滿意度。”
      Being retired, among other factors, also had a positive impact on life satisfaction. Whereas being unemployed or economically inactive due to sickness or disability had a significant negative impact, the ONS said.
      統計局稱,在所有因素當中,退休對生活滿意度也有著積極的影響,而失業或因生病或殘疾而沒有從事經濟活動則對生活滿意度有消極影響。
      Health had a larger effect on reported life satisfaction than any other characteristic or circumstance in the analysis.
      健康對生活滿意度的影響力比報告中所分析的其他特征或環境因素更大。

      你對生活是否滿意 取決于你怎么花錢!.jpg

      The odds of reporting higher life satisfaction are three times greater for someone reporting very good health than for someone reporting fair health, the ONS said.

      統計局稱,身體非常健康的人所報告的生活滿意度比身體還算健康的人高出三倍。
      The odds of reporting higher life satisfaction are 5.7 times lower for someone reporting very bad health than for someone reporting fair health.
      身體很差的人所報告的生活滿意度比身體還算健康的人低5.7倍。
      Health was also important the last time the ONS looked at this subject in 2013. The impact of someone's marital status also appears to matter more for people's life satisfaction than it did six years ago.
      在2013年英國國家統計局上一次做生活滿意度調查時,健康也是一個重要的因素。一個人的婚姻狀態對生活滿意度的影響似乎比六年前更大。
      The ONS' findings are based on two separate surveys: its annual population survey and a separate survey on the effects of taxes and benefits.
      英國國家統計局的這些研究結果基于兩次獨立的調查:統計局的年度人口調查和稅收福利影響調查。

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